American Sign Language: "with" (advanced
The sign for "with" is the basis for many other signs including:
WITH / ACCOMPANY / AHEAD / BEHIND / FOLLOW / CATCH-UP / CHASE / RACE-COMPETE / SUBORDINATE / SUPERIOR / GO-STEADY
See below for more info.
Dear Dr. Bill,
If I'm letting someone know that I am learning sign using the
internet...would I sign: "I LEARN SIGN WITH INTERNET"? Or does WITH convey
more of a 'together' concept? Should I instead sign: I LEARN SIGN, USE
No. The sign WITH is not used to mean "via" as in, "I'm
learning sign via the internet."
Actually you do not need the concept of "with" or "via" in this sentence.
The sign "INTERNET" also means "online."
Thus you could sign:
"I LEARN SIGN INTERNET I" Which is a way of saying, "I am learning
sign language online."
In English you wouldn't dream of saying, "I am learning sign language
with online" would you?
The sign for "WITH" is
made by forming the letter "a" with both hands. Place both your hands together, palms facing.
If you hold the "A" hands together and then make a
sweeping horizontal circle (while keeping them together--looks like you are
stirring a witch's brew on Halloween) it means "TOGETHER."
Suppose you want to sign "Go with?" Use this sign for
"accompany." It can mean, "Come along." If you
sign "WANT ACCOMPANY?" after indicating
that you are going to the store, that would mean that you are asking the person
if he or she wants to go with you to the store. You don't need a separate
sign for "GO."
If you start with them
together then move the right hand in front of the left hand, it means "ahead" or
BEHIND ("in back of")
If you start with them together then move the right hand behind the left hand,
it means "BEHIND."
Hold your "A" hands together, out away from your body, a bit off to your
non-dominant side. Then pull your dominant hand backward (away from the
non-dominant hand). If you do a quick simple movement it means "behind
schedule" or "not up with the others." If you do a slower movement and
"waggle" it a bit you can change the meaning into "falling behind." You
might even see the mouth opened a bit and the tongue over the lower teeth (which
is what a person who is tired and panting looks like) used to emphasize "not
being able to keep up."
If you start with both the left hand and the right hand out from your body
(slightly off to the left) and then pull right hand back toward the right side
of your body it means "FALL-BEHIND" (Or it can also mean AVOID.)
If you start with the left hand a little bit ahead and then move them both
forward and to the left in a smooth steady motion it means "FOLLOW."
The dominant hand doesn't "catch up" to the non-dominant hand. It just follows
If you start with the left hand farther ahead and the right hand back near
your body then move the right hand up to the left hand it means
If you start with the left hand a little bit ahead and then move the left hand
forward and to the left in a smooth steady motion while moving the right hand
forward and to the left in a spiraling motion it means "chase."
If you alternate moving your hands forward and back (so that one is farther out than
the other) it can mean race or competition. (This
is not used for things like a person's heritage. For that kind of race,
just spell R-A-C-E.)