Notes to be developed:
* broad spectrum awareness: (That seat is taken)
* neurolinguistics (ex:
shoe store / food store / head pat / belly rub / dominance condition)
* conditioned responses (rattle snake)
* efficiency principle: "birthday vs birth-day"
(2010) likens this ability (Deaf instinct regarding formation and adoption
of new signs) to that of native English speakers from an educated family
being able to see a new word, one which, perhaps, is entirely unfamiliar,
and pronounce it perfectly without having heard it spoken aloud before. He
poses the question, "How is it we know that, for example, the street name
"Truxel" is pronounced trucks ul? Why not trueks 'el? What is it in native
language users that makes us able to just "know" these things?"
The answer is unglamorous. It comes down to "exposure." Native language
speakers have had thousands of hours of language exposure which have formed
a vast mental database of "references." These references form patterns of
language usage against which new language samples are compared for
similarities and differences. A new language sample that deviates too far
from standard language samples is instantly recognized as "not fitting in"
or not belonging. Conversely, proposed language samples (newly coined
words -- "protologisms") may be rejected for being "too similar" to existing
language samples. For example, the "book on face" protologism for
"Facebook" is very similar to signs such as "KNOW-(casual),"
"don't-KNOW-(casual)," "SEEM/mirror," "TOBACCO," etc. A native signer is
aware of all these existing signs on a subconscious level (and, upon
thinking about it, on a conscious level) and thus feels conflicted about
assigning a new reference to an existing "database entry." [Example /
comparison: "double parking" of cars] [See: minimal pairs = overlapping of 3
Contrast this with the "limited" language exposure of non-native signers. A
non-native signer is more likely to be unaware of the full range of existing
signs competing with the protologism. For example, an advanced ASL student
is unlikely to know the sign for "tobacco." A signing novice will not
experience a subconscious conflict regarding the overlapping characteristics
(handshape, location, palm orientation, number of holds) of the new sign
"FACEBOOK-["book on face"]" and those of of existing but lesser known signs
such as the sign "TOBACCO." Lacking this sense of conflict, the novice
signer simply assumes that the native signer is being "stubborn" or "old
fashioned" by not accepting this new sign.