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Lesson 6:Lesson Objectives:
___ I know how to deal with time concepts
___ I understand the "time line" concept and o'clock
___ I can recognize and sign numbers 101-999
___ I understand Topicalizing vs. SVO
___ I am able to recognize and sign the practice sentences and story for this lesson
___ I have taken the Lesson 6 Quiz
___ I have taken the general practice quiz for this lesson. See: PRACTICE QUIZZES
Practice Sheet: 6.A Practice sheet: 6.B Practice sheet: 6.C Practice sheet: 6.D Additional examples:
Practice Sheet: 6.A
Practice sheet: 6.B
Practice sheet: 6.C
Practice sheet: 6.D
YEAR-PAST MY HOUSE ROOM ROOM WHITE A-L-L. NOW-YEAR MANY COLOR. MY BEDROOM BLUE. MY SISTER BEDROOM YELLOW. BROTHER WANT BEDROOM BLACK, DAD (say)-NO-(to-him-"sternly"). (Role play brother bodyshift face slightly left. Ask-to-father)-ORANGE? (Role play father bodyshift facing slightly right.) say-NO-(to-son-"sternly")-(Role play brother bodyshift face slightly left. Ask-to-father)-BROWN? (Role play father bodyshift facing slightly right. "Think about it for a moment" "reluctantly") say-O-K-to-son. MOM-DAD THEIR-(singular) BED-ROOM WHITE. BATHROOM YELLOW. FAMILY ROOM GREEN. OUR CAR RED.
When you sign ROOM ROOM, modify the location a few inches. By this I mean, sign ROOM a little off-center to the right, then sign the second ROOM a little to the left. This is a way of pluralizing the concept of "room" to mean "rooms."
Later on we will learn the sign "DIFFERENT" but for now just sign "MANY" to indicate that the rooms in my house are "many different colors."
In the story, don't sign the "lower case" words. Instead, incorporate the concept of those lowercase words into your signing.
The sign for "THEIR-(singular)" means you are referring to your mom and dad as a single group (one set of parents) so you don't need to sweep the sign "THEIR" in this case. You can sign "THEIR-(singular)" by using the sign for "HIS/HERS/ITS." In fact, you don't really even need to sign any "possessive" sign in this situation because the order of the sentence (PARENTS BEDROOM) naturally indicates the bedroom belongs to the parents.
Time Concepts: Dealing with time
In English a person might say, "I went to a movie last Saturday." Or, maybe "Last Saturday I went to a movie." Notice how the concept of "go" is expressed as "went?" This is called "conjugating" the verb to show tense. (Conjugate is just a big word that means "change" or "join.") Another word for conjugate is "inflect."
In ASL that sentence would be signed "PAST SATURDAY ME-(PRO1) GO MOVIE." (The "PRO1" means a first person pronoun, which is done by simply pointing at yourself with an index finger.) We use the same form of the concept "GO" for both present and past tense sentences. That is the way it is with most ASL sentences. We establish the "tense" or time-frame of a sentence by using certain "time signs" like "past week," "next month," "now morning," or "next year," and then the rest of the sentence uses typical non-conjugated signs. This technique works for whole paragraphs and/or conversations. Tense only needs to be established once at the beginning of an ASL conversation. All of the remaining signs use the same form regardless whether you are talking about the past, present, or future. For example, in the sentence, "TOMORROW ME-(PRO1) GO MOVIE" uses the same sign for "GO" as the sentence, "YESTERDAY ME GO MOVIE."
Now note, that the interpretation of "NOW AFTERNOON ME-(PRO1) GO MOVIE" depends on what time of day it is. If it is morning, then the sentence would be the equivalent of, "This afternoon I will go to a movie." If it is currently night time, the sentence would be interpreted as, "Today I went to a movie." The ASL signs are the same, but their meaning depends on what time of day the sentence is being signed.
The general concept here is that you have a timeline that runs from behind you to in front of you. By doing a sign farther back you can indicate the concept occurred further in the past. The farther forward things are signed, the further in the future they are. Doing a sign close to your body can be used to indicate the nearness or recentness of an event.
Both of these forms are correct in ASL.
For a practice quiz, visit: <practice quiz>
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