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Lesson 7:

Lesson Objectives:
___ I know how to get attention and take turns during a conversation
___ I understand the concept of "Dominant Hand"
___ I can recognize and sign numbers 1,000-999,999
___ I understand the significance of "ABCOS15" (Base-hand handshapes)
___ I am familiar with the concept of repeating the pronoun. See Pronoun Copy
___ I am able to recognize and sign the practice sentences and story for this lesson
___ I have taken the Lesson 7 Quiz
___ I have taken the general practice quiz for this lesson.  See: PRACTICE QUIZZES
___ I am done with Lesson


EAT [food]

FULL (2 versions)

HOTDOG-[sausage, bologna]
WHAT-KIND-[type, style]

Practice Sheet: 7.A
01. APPLE, GREEN, YOU LIKE EAT? (Do you like to eat green apples?) [L7]
02. CANDY, YOU LIKE WHAT-KIND? (What type of candy do you like?) [L7]

WHAT-KIND? (What type of cereal do you like?) [L7]
04. YOU LIKE COOKIES WITH MILK? (Do you like cookies and milk?) [L7]
05. WATER YOU DRINK EVERYDAY, CUP  HOW-MANY YOU? (How many cups of water do you drink daily?) [L7]

Practice Sheet: 7.B
06. YOUR FAVORITE FOOD WHAT? (What is your favorite food?) [L7]
07. GREEN EGG AND H-A-M YOU LIKE YOU? (Do you like green eggs and ham?) [L7]
09. YOU FULL?-[flat hand under chin version] (Are you full?) [L7]
10. YOU FAVORITE-[prefer], HAMBURGER [body-shift-"or"] HOTDOG? (Do you prefer hamburgers or hotdogs?) [L7]

Practice Sheet 7.C
11. HUNGRY YOU? (Are you hungry?) [L7]
12. PIZZA, YOU LIKE WHAT-KIND? (What type of pizza do you like?) [L7]
13. SUPPOSE YOU GO MOVIE, YOU LIKE EAT POPCORN? (Do you like to eat popcorn at the movies?) [L7]
14. SOUP, YOU LIKE WHAT-KIND? (What kind of soup do you like?) [L7]
15. APPLE, RED, YOU LIKE EAT YOU? (Do you like to eat red apples?) [L7]

Practice Sheet 7.D
16. COOKIE, YOU LIKE WHAT-KIND? (What kind of cookies do you like?) [L7]
17. YOU FAVORITE-[prefer] APPLE [bodyshift-"or"] ORANGES? (Do you prefer apples or oranges?) [L7]
18. YOUR SISTER LIKE EGG? (Does your sister like eggs?) [L7]
19. SUPPOSE YOU EAT 3 HAMBURGER, WILL FULL YOU? (If you eat three hamburgers will you be full?) [L7]
20. YOU DON'T-LIKE CANDY?!? (Don't you like candy?) [L7]


Story 7

HUNGRY ME. WANT EAT. NOW NOW I FEEL CAN EAT PIZZA CL:bent-LL-(Use bent "L" hands to show the size of a medium to large pizza) ALL MYSELF. TOMORROW I GO MOVIE. EAT, EAT, EAT WILL ME! POPCORN, HOTDOG, CANDY, DRINK, WILL FULL ME. MY FAVORITE FOOD? COOKIES, MILK ICL-"Dip cookie into a cup of milk, take a bite."

Note:  "CL:" is a way of indicating a special sign known as a "classifier."
Note:  "ICL" means "instrument classifier."  Instrument classifiers are sometimes used to show the manipulation of an object.  In this story you "manipulate" a cookie and a cup. 


ASL Grammar topic:  "Pronoun Copy"

ASL it is fairly common for the subject pronoun to be repeated at the end of a sentence.

For example, "YOU GO YOU?"

The pronoun copy at the end of a question sentence (accompanied by the raising of the eyebrows) is typically functioning as a verb.

Think of "YOU GO YOU?" as meaning:

Which would be translated as:
"Are you going?"

This is no more complex than what happens in English.
An English as a second language learner could be asked by his/her friend, "You going?" -- and then complain that English is confusing because sometimes it doesn't use "be verbs."
It is common for English speakers to say:
"You going?" - [accompanied by a raising of the tone of voice] to mean: "Are you going?"
Another example happens in English when someone has two items, holds one up and asks you "Want one?" The person dropped the words "do" and "you." They were implied by the context of the situation.

1.  English can replace "do," or "are" with a "raise of the tone of voice" or "context."
2.  ASL can replace "do" or "are" with a raise of the eyebrows accompanied by a pointing gesture.
Both forms are correct in everyday context-rich communication.
- Dr. Bill
For more on this topic see: Pronoun Copy

Note: Often ASL teachers will tell you that ASL sign order is typically: TIME TOPIC COMMENT.  What many don't explain is that your topic can be a subject and that it is okay to sign in SUBJECT VERB OBJECT order.  Many students leave an ASL class thinking they must sign in OBJECT SUBJECT VERB order. This is simply not true.  Both orders exist in ASL (SVO and OSV). See: ASL Sign Order (SVO)

Note: [Bodyshift]-OR:  Often in ASL we do not use a separate sign for the concept of "or." We simply shift our body a bit from one side to the other as we present the second option.

FOOD and EAT use the same sign.
If you need to differentiate between the signs, use a small double motion for food and a single normal motion for eat. For the "process of eating" use a somewhat larger double motion. To sign "pig out" alternate using both hands with large movements and lots of facial expression.

Note: in ASL the signs “WITH”  or "AND" are not needed in the sentence "Do you like cookies and milk."

Note: There are several right ways to ask someone what kind of candy they like.
It would be perfectly fine to sign:  YOU LIKE CANDY
WHAT-KIND?  You could even ask, YOU LIKE WHAT-KIND CANDY?-- while furrowing your eyebrows on both WHAT-KIND and CANDY as a type of clause.

If you sign: "CANDY, WHAT-KIND YOU LIKE ?" you would use a yes/no question expression (eyebrows up, head tilted forward a bit -- this is called "topicalization") while signing "CANDY" and then you would switch to a "wh-question" expression (eyebrows down, head tilted a bit back) for the "WHAT-KIND LIKE YOU?"

Note:  It is just as correct to sign "YOU LIKE EAT RED APPLE?" as it is to sign, "APPLE, RED, YOU LIKE EAT YOU?"  Both sentences mean: Do you like to eat red apples?  We would only use the second version if there were some reason to emphasize the fact that we are discussing an "apple" and that it is red.

The letters and numbers
"ABCOS15" are the typical hand shapes formed by your non-dominant hand while signing.  Another term for non-dominant hand is your "base" hand.  For two-handed signs in which the two hands don't have the same handshape you will notice that almost without exception the non-dominant hand is in one of these shapes: "ABCOS15."  You see these shapes on the non-dominant signing hand when it is providing a stationary base for your "in-motion" dominant hand.

Students asked: 

Question:  Is there a difference between "soup" and "spoon?" 
Response:  The signs are very similar, except that for the sign "spoon" you "drop the bowl" (the non-dominant hand) and emphasize the "spoon."

Is there one "best" sign for PIZZA?
Response:  Depends on where you live.  There are at least three strong signs for pizza. I tend to use the "bent-v" hand moving in a Z pattern and then end with an "A."

I've seen two signs for "tomato."  Which one is right?
Response:  Both signs are "correct" in that they are both used in the Deaf community.  One version uses an index finger on the dominant hand and a "flattened O" hand on the base hand.  That version is a bit older. 
A "newer" version of the sign uses an "index finger" on both hands.  This is an example of language "evolution."  Over time, ASL signs tend to become more simple to produce.

Is there a difference between "food" and "eat?"
Response:  FOOD and EAT use the same sign. You can inflect it to show different concepts like "pig out." (For example, use two hands and repeated movements.)  If you need to differentiate between the signs eat and food (maybe you are taking a "nutrition class"), you could use a small double motion for food and a single normal motion for eat. For the “process of eating” use a somewhat larger double motion. There really isn't much difference between asking, "What is your favorite food?" vs "What do you prefer to eat?"  It is the same concept.

How is the sign church different from the sign chocolate?
Response:  The sign chocolate moves in a horizontal circle on the back of the base hand.  The sign Church does a slight up and down tap on the back of the base hand.

Question:  How is the sign "FORK" different from the sign "STAND?"
Response:  The sign "FORK" varies widely.  Some people show three tines.  Some show just two.  For FORK I angle my base hand at more of a slant and I use a repeated jabbing movement.
For STAND I hold my base hand more "palm up" and use a "contact hold" movement.

Question:  If someone has heard that "I don't like candy" and they look at me and ask "You don't like candy?!?" What is a good reply?

[If you really do like candy:  I LIKE!
If you want to confirm that you don't like candy: RIGHT, I DON'T-LIKE
If you sort of like candy sign:  SO-SO
If you like some but not all you could sign:  SOME LIKE, SOME DON'T-LIKE

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